Chief Economist at PKN ORLEN S.A. since November 2007. He specialises in structural changes in the global energy sector under the influence of long-term economic policies and revolutionary innovations. He posts his thoughts in the blog format at www.ffbk.pl. Previously, he headed macroeconomic research and inflation forecasting at the National Bank of Poland (2001-2007), was a macroeconomist at the World Bank (1995-2000), researcher at the University of Łódź and the Polish Academy of Sciences. He studied econometrics at the University of Lodz and Stanford University.